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UDC 628.237

Fedorov Sviatoslav Viktorovich, Vasilyev V. M., Klementyev M. N.

Study of gas evolution in a sewer section


Transportation of wastewater through sewer networks is accompanied by the generation and evolution of gases from the flow. For a quantitative assessment of the gas evolution process a sewer section model has been developed in the ANSYS CFX finite element analysis package. The model takes into account the combined flow of wastewater, entrained air and sewage gas (e.g. carbon dioxide) coming from the collector tray. Monitoring was carried out in a section of the domestic sewage system (DN = 500 mm) in the industrial zone of Obukhovo in St. Petersburg. The measured values of the vacuum pressure are in the range of model calculations. The process of designing a computational area of the sewer section and establishing initial and boundary conditions is presented. As a result of modeling the dependences of the carbon dioxide concentration and the pressure of the gas-air environment in the underroof space of the pipeline with different slopes and filling levels were obtained. The results obtained can serve as a basis for the approach to predicting the process of gas evolution in sewer sections.

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UDC 628.21:661.9

Kofman V. Ya.

Hydrogen sulfide and methane in the sewer networks (review)


International experience of using methods of protecting from hydrogen sulfide and methane generation in sewer networks is presented. The efficiency of using reagent methods and their cost depend to a great extent on the parameters of sewer pipelines and wastewater composition. Therefore in order to make a reliable choice of one or another method one should take into consideration the local conditions and carry out relevant tests.

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