№9|2013

DRINKING WATER SUPPLY

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UDC 628.161.3

KINEBAS A. K., NEFEDOVA E. D., Gvozdev V. A., Rusanova L. P.

The efficiency of using aluminium polyoxychlorides in natural water purification

Summary

SUE «Vodokanal of St. Petersburg» has been continuously upgrading water treatment technologies with the aim of improving the quality of water services. The results of laboratory, pilot and industrial approbations provided for the data on the use of more than 160 samples of coagulants based on the salts of different polyvalent metals. Among them are aluminium-, iron-, and titanium-based coagulants and also their composite compounds. Investigating more than 50 samples of aluminium oxychloride produced both by local and foreign manufacturers showed that for such special water source as the Neva River the use of chemicals of low and medium base strength in the processes proceeding in contact clarifiers is most preferable. The use of aliminium oxychloride did not result in sharp decrease of alkalinity or pH at the increased coagulant dosages. The residual alkaline reserve in water allows introducing higher chemical dosages which results in improving the efficiency of the first water treatment stage at low temperatures of the water source (less than 4 °С) and reducing filter cycle. SUE «Vodokanal of St. Petersburg» has adopted the concept of using the range of coagulants during different year seasons.

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REFERENCES

  1. Gumen S. G., Darienko I. N., Evel'son E. A., Rusanova L. P. [The use of advanced chemicals in low-turbid colored water] Vodosnabzhenie i Sanitarnaia Tekhnika. 2001. No. 3, pp. 12–16. (In Russian).
  2. Linevich S. N., Getmantsev S. V. [Coagulation water treatment method. Theoretical basis and practical use]. – Moscow: Nauka, 2007. (In Russian).
  3. [State code 2.1.5.1315-03. Maximum permissible concentrations of chemicals in water bodies for domestic water supply and cultural and general use]. (In Russian).

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