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UDC 532.542.9
Boldyrev Vladimir Vasil'evich
Hydraulic calculations of a water curtain as a pipeline with cocurrent flow
Summary
The need for water curtains arises at over load of any toxic and explosive liquids and gases; and with account for the continuous growth of overload amounts owing to the construction of new terminals it is necessary to design water curtains more and more often. The analysis of hydraulic calculations of a water curtain in a distribution pipeline is presented. When calculating through nozzles the expediency of using the widely known flow rate coefficient instead of an unknown departmental coefficient is shown. At present formulas for calculating the total flow through the water curtain nozzles and head loss in a distribution pipeline are lacking. The method of calculating such a pipeline (pipeline with concurrent flow) is known from the hydraulics. However, it cannot be used because it is suitable for the constant specific flow rate, and the specific flow rate of the water curtain is not constant. The task of making hydraulic calculations of a water curtain for a distribution pipeline has been formulated as follows: determining such pressure and flow rate values that provide for the set flow and pressure for the last (most remote) nozzle is required. When determining head losses in a distribution pipeline the flow rate value before the pipeline multiplied by the decreasing coefficient is used. It was stated that this coefficient depended on the ratio of the diameter of the distribution pipeline to the nozzle diameter. The diagram and formula describing the abovenoted dependency are presented together with an example of the calculations illustrating the use of the obtained dependencies.
Key words
hydraulic design , pressure losses , firefighting water system , water curtain , distribution pipeline , flow coefficient

DOI 10.35776/MNP.2019.10.04 УДК 614.844
Yepifanov S. P., Zorkaltsev V. I., Baranchikova N. I., Korel’stein L. B.
Hydraulic calculation of automatic firefighting systems combined with internal fire water pipeline system
Summary
In recent decades the construction of large buildings has risen sharply: shopping and entertainment centers, multifunctional highrise buildings for residential and public purposes with underground parking lots, storage facilities for the storage of combustible materials. During construction finishing materials are often used that emit toxic substances if ignition occurs. Fires can result in fatalities and substantial material losses. For the fire safety of buildings and structures the use of firefighting water supply – both outdoor and internal is most effective. Due to the inability to provide for outdoor firefighting of a large part of the premises of the upper floors of highrise buildings, the effectiveness and reliability of internal firefighting systems is of particular importance. Water consumption for fire water supply can be 200 l/s or more. To supply water in such a volume to the fire points, effective internal fire water supply systems are required: automatic firefighting systems (sprinkler and deluge), internal fire water pipelines, deluge water curtains. Combined internal firefighting systems include automatic firefighting installations and internal firefighting water pipeline. The method of hydraulic calculation of each of these systems is available in the regulatory and specialized literature. However, in the process of hydraulic calculations of combined (integrated) firefighting water supply systems, their essential features should be taken into account. In this regard, a mathematical model of flow distribution in automatic firefighting systems combined with an internal fire water pipeline system is considered. The technique of hydraulic calculation of arbitrary combined firefighting water supply systems is given. The proposed model allows you to get an actual value of water abstraction through nozzles (sprayers) and hand control branch pipes.
Key words
pressure , head , hydraulic design , water curtain , automatic firefighting installations , internal fire water pipeline , flow distribution task , variable abstraction

DOI 10.35776/MNP.2020.05.03 UDC 004.94+519.6:656.56+699.814
Mikhailovskii E. A.
Modeling hydraulic modes of firefighting water system operations in the Internet
Summary
Basic fire protection of industrial and storage facilities, shopping and entertainment centers and other objects is made up of automated firefighting installations, internal fire water pipeline and water curtains. The analysis of the results of hydraulic calculations performed while designing these systems provides for selecting the required equipment composition, evaluating the operation of the systems in different modes etc. Hydraulic calculations are carried out, as a rule, using hand calculation, or a partially automated process. Algorithms are also used that implement numerical modeling procedures involving offtheshelf software that simplifies compiling a system of equations with the formation of a calculation model from nodes and connecting paths. The software available in the domestic market is either not effective or very expensive, and requires user training. Substantive and mathematical statement of the flow distribution problem with variable nodal flow rates for a random pipeline system including fire protection, is presented. The corresponding modification of the nodal pressure method is given that takes into account the dependence of the flow through the nozzle (sprinkler, fire branch, etc.) on the pressure (head) upstream of it. This task and other ones can be solved using «ISIGR» programming and computing suite developed at the Institute of Energy Systems named after L. A. Melent’ev of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The software is designed for modeling in the Internet the hydraulic modes of the ring systems of water, gas supply and firefighting. The software has an effective, convenient, userfriendly graphical interface that provides for drawing a network layout with minimal effort, performing hydraulic calculations, and interpreting the results in graphical or tabular style.
Key words
water supply , flow distribution , water curtain , mathematical and computer simulation , internal fire water pipeline , automated firefighting system
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