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UDC 628.33:624.144.55

Variushina G. P., Primin O. G.

Practical aspects of operating surface runoff treatment facilities
in winter period


The core indicators of the operation of surface runoff treatment facilities in winter period are cited. The results of snow melt composition study obtained from the samples of fresh snow and samples taken from road surfaces in Moscow and different industrial areas are presented. The analysis was carried out at the MosvodokanalNIIproject laboratory for municipal, industrial-rain water and sludge treatment. Based on the chemical and analytical studies the multicomponent chemical composition of snow mass was determined that reflected the large-scale impact of anthropogenic and natural factors. The kinetics of the suspended substances in snow melt sedimentation in a snow melter section of the retention tank of the treatment facilities is shown. The process of snow mass melting under the conditions of the operating facilities was studied.  Field measurements of thermophysical properties were carried out, the recommendations on reducing the costs of the energy inputs of the snow melting process and the time of snow mass processing were developed. It was stated that the efficient operation of the retention facilities for industrial surface runoff treatment designed by «Mosvodo­kanalN Iproject» JSC could be maintained throughout the year and served as an example of a water conservation solution.

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  1. Pal’gunov P. P., Vaisfel’d B. A., Malinina I. V., Pal’diaeva N. P., Variushina G. P. [Pat. 2082675, RF. MPC C02F 1/28. Method of snow mass and melt water processing]. Izobreteniia. Poleznye Modeli, 1997. (In Russian).
  2. Rekomendatsii po raschetu sistem sbora, otvedeniya i ochistki poverkhnostnogo stoka selitebnykh territoriy, ploshchadok predpriyatiy i opredeleniyu usloviy vypuska ego v vodnye ob”ekty [Recommendations for designing the systems of collection, removal and treatment of the runoff from residential areas, industrial sites; and determining the conditions for its discharge into the water bodies. Moscow, Ministry of Construction Industry, Housing and Utilities Sector Publ., 2015, 146 p.].

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