№12|2018

SURFACE RUNOFF TREATMENT

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UDC 628.312:504.064

Bykova P. G., Palagin E. D., Gridneva M. A., Pavlukhin A. A.

Surface runoff of Samara: effect of the seasonal factors

Summary

Surface runoff is still one of the main sources of pollutants discharged into water bodies. By the example of the storm sewer system of Samara urban district the detailed qualitative and quantitative characteristics of the discharged wastewater are considered. The storm sewer of Samara receives surface runoff and drainage water from the urban territory and territory of industrial enterprises, clean surface runoff, drainage flow from heat distribution networks and process effluent generated in the process of the network maintenance. The data is presented on the assessment of the seasonal variation of the effluent quality. A representative set of indicators for monitoring purposes and diagnostics of the state of the wastewater disposal system is presented. The representative diagnostic set includes the following indicators: рН, BODfull, suspended solids, dry residue, ammonium, nitrates, nitrites, copper, aluminium, oil products. The results of the studies of interaction between the raw water quality coming to the pumping filtration station of Samara and characteristics of the surface runoff discharged upstream the same water body are cited. It is shown that the water source turbidity and color are related to certain qualitative parameters of the surface runoff. The level of this interaction is estimated; calculation dependencies are proposed. The need for the further implementation of the municipal program of the storm sewer system of Samara urban district is substantiated.

Key words

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REFERENCES

  1. Bykova P. G., Strelkov A. K., Palagin E. D., Kondrina E. E. [The quality of surface runoff discharged from the territory of Samara into the Saratovskoe water reservoir and Samara River]. Proceedings of the 67th All-Russia Scientific and Technical Conference «Traditions and Innovations in Construction and Architecture». Samara, Samara State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering Publ., 2010, pp. 567–569. (In Russian).
  2. Strelkov A. K., Gridneva M. A., Nabok T. Iu., et al. [Impact of urbanization on a surface runoff drainage and treatment system (by the example of Samara)]. Vestnik SGASU. Gradostroitel’stvo i Arkhitektura, 2014, no. 4 (17), pp. 55–62. (In Russian).
  3. Kichigin V. I., Palagin E. D. Modelirovanie zagryazneniya vodotokov poverkhnostnym stokom [Simulation of water bodies pollution with surface runoff. Samara, Samara State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering Publ., 2005, 270 p.].
  4. Strelkov A. K., Shuvalov M. V., Gridneva M. A. Surface runoff of Samara and its impact on the water bodies used as water supply sources. Nauchnoe Obozrenie, 2015, no. 7, pp. 139–143. (In Russian).
  5. Bykova P. G., Palagin E. D. [The concept of the target oriented program «Development of the Samara storm sewer system»]. Proceedings of the 69th All-Russia Scientific and Technical Conference «Traditions and Innovations in Construction and Architecture». Samara, Samara State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering Publ., 2012, part II, pp. 246–247. (In Russian).
  6. Palagin E. D, Bykova P. G., Pakhomova U. M. [Study of the seasonal variation of BOD, suspended solids and oil products concentrations in surface runoff]. Vestnik SGASU. Gradostroitel’stvo i Arkhitektura, 2011, no. 4, pp. 57–59. (In Russian).
  7. Palagin E. D, Bykova P. G., Pakhomova U. M. [Study of the main regularities in the variations of surface runoff quality in Samara urban district]. Vestnik SGASU. Gradostroitel’stvo i Arkhitektura, 2011, no. 2, pp. 80–82. (In Russian).
  8. Palagin E. D, Gridneva M. A., Bykova P. G., Nabok T. Iu. [Study of the dynamics of urban surface runoff composition]. Vodosnabzhenie i Sanitarnaia Tekhnika, 2018, no. 1, pp. 51–56. (In Russian).

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