№9|2017

DRINKING WATER SUPPLY

bbk 000000

UDC 628.166

Ponomarev A. P., Podolets A. A., Makina O. A.

The use of aqueous extract of shungite mineral for the removal
of bacterial flora from water

Summary

Safe and high quality drinking water is the most important factor that is effecting the human health, rise in births, reduction of morta­lity, increased expectation of life. The objective of the present work was model developing of the method of removing bacterial flora from water with the use of shungite, unique natural mineral. The key point of using this mineral for water purification is in using crushed shungite not as a feed but for the production of aqueous extract of minerals. In the process of adding refined and concentrated shungite extract into drinking or other water the effect of active complexing of its organic component was defined. The process of ex­tracting minerals from crushed shungite will be most efficient in acidic aqueous media with pH 2–2.5; herewith macro- and microelements and rare-earth ultramicroelements – lanthanoids pass into water. To concentrate the extracted minerals water was evaporated by regular boiling to 1/10 of the original volume with pH 2–2.5. Removal macro- and microelements from extract with preserving lanthanoids was carried out in the process of de-acidification with sodium hydroxide solution with subsequent extract clarification by centrifuging. Addition of 1% shungite extract into raw water is accompanied by the formation of organic suspension that is removed during filtration, sedimentation or centrifuging. At that the mineral composition of water does not essentially change. The mechanism of removing bacterial flora from water is conditioned by the physical and chemical interaction of high-reactive cations of lanthanoids (+3 valence) with bacterial cells initiating their complexing. The phenomenon of selective coagulation of bacterial cells is caused by the reaction of lanthanoid cations complexing with nucleic acids of microorganisms. It is expected that the reaction of nucleic acid with metal is performed by phosphate groups.

Key words

, , , , ,

The further text is accessible on a paid subscription.
For authorisation enter the login/password.
Or subscribe

REFERENCES

  1. Iakovleva T. V. [The problem of clean water]. Zhizn’ bez Opasnostei. Zdorov’e. Profilaktika. Dolgoletie, 2009, no. 4, pp. 10–15. (In Russian).
  2. Aksenov S. I. Voda i ee rol’ v reguliatsii biologicheskikh protsessov [Water and its role in the regulation of biological processes. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1990, 120 p.].
  3. Volkov V. T., Rikhvanov L. P., Volkova N. N. [Nanobacteria in drinking water – the newest factor of the modern eco­lo­gy]. Vestnik Sibirskogo otdeleniia RAN VSH, 2005, no. 1 (9), pp. 20–25. (In Russian).
  4. Volkova N. N. Issledovanie biomineralizatsionnogo geoekologicheskogo faktora v podzemnykh vodakh Tomskogo raiona [Study of biomineralization geoecological factor in underground water of the Tomsk Area. Ph. D. thesis in Geology and Mineralogy. Tomsk, 2006, 152 p.].
  5. Gorshenin A. P., Garas’ko E. V., Ponomarev A. P. [Influence of nanobacteria on potable water quality and safety]. Vodosnabzhenie i Sanitarnaia Tekhnika, 2010, no. 12, pp. 25–30. (In Russian).
  6. Folk R. L. Interaction between bacteria, nanobacteria, and precipitation in hot springs of central Italy. Gographie Physique et Quaternaire, 1994, v. 48, pp. 233–246.
  7. Surmasheva E. V., Korchak G. I., Mikhienkova A. I., Nikonova N. A., Rosada M. A. [Potable water quality standards in the Ukraine and water-borne infectious case rate]. Gigiena i Sanitaria, 2013, no. 6, pp. 33–37. (In Russian).
  8. El’piner L. I. [Water factor effecting the formation of human health]. Voda: Khimiia i Ekologiia, 2009, no. 3, pp. 6–10. (In Russian).
  9. Ignatov I., Mosin O. V. [Mathematic model of natural fullerene-containing shungite mineral interaction with water]. Nanoinzheneriia, 2015, no. 6 (48), pp. 24–32. (In Russian).
  10. Kalinin Iu. K. [Ecological potential of shungite]. Proceedings of the First All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference «Shungites and Vital Activity Security». Petrozavodsk, 2007. (In Russian).
  11. Mosin O. V. [New natural mineral sorbent – shungite]. Santekhnika, 2011, no. 3, pp. 34–36. (In Russian).
  12. Ponomarev A. P., Podkolzin I. V., Amelin V. G. [Macro-, micro- and unltramicroelements in extracts from natural nanotechnologic mineral – shungite]. Nanotekhnologii i Okhrana Zdorov’ia, 2012, no. 2 (11), pp. 48–55. (In Russian).
  13. Ponomarev A. P., Bol’shakov D. S., Dynchik C. D. [Extracting rare-earth ultramicroelements – lanthanoids from natural nanotechnologic shungite mineral]. Nauchnyi Zhurnal «PYXIS», 2016, no. 1 (1), pp. 10–19. (In Russian).
  14. Riabchikov D. I., Riabukhin V. A. Analiticheskaia khimiia redkozemel’nykh elementov i ittriia [Analytical chemistry of rare-earth elements and yttrium. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1966, 380 p.].
  15. www.eko-prod.com/images/ShungiteInAgronomics.docx (accessed 25.03.2017).
  16. Ponomarev A. P., Podkolzin I. V., Tret’iakov A. V. [Phenomenon of effect. Mineral composition of shungite water and its effect in vitro on nanobacterial cells]. Voda Magazine, 2012, no. 1 (53), pp. 34–37. (In Russian).
  17. Ponomarev A. P., Frolova L. V. [Chelating effect of aqueous extract of shungite on microorganisms]. Dezinfektsiia. Antiseptika, 2013, no. 1 (13), pp. 50–59.

vstmag engfree 200x100 2

mvkniipr ru

Российская ассоциация водоснабжения и водоотведения

Конференция итог

ecw20 200 300

VAK2