bbk 000000

UDC 628.316

Ponomarev V. G.

Evaluation of pollutant characteristic when choosing wastewater treatment methods


The variety of pollutant characteristics in industrial effluents is considered. When choosing a treatment method in each particular case the evaluation of pollutants with testing the indicators that characterize mineral particles in suspended phase is required. Their correlation described by the first- and second order equations is disclosed. The dependences used at present for the recalculation of the laboratory data on particle hydraulic size that should be separated to provide for the required precipitation effect with the purpose of calculating the geometry of the facilities included into the project are considered. The conclusion is drawn about possible errors of the applied method of precipitation process modeling. On the basis of the research results a new indicator is suggested – agglomeration index that characterizes agglomeration capability of pollution suspended particles. The technique of its determining and the method of recalculating laboratory data on hydraulic size obtained for the layer depth differing from the settling level in the applied facility with account of the agglomeration of pollution suspended phase are presented. As shows the experience of evaluating many designed projects and technical solutions the authors of which have participated in tenders a large number of these solutions are not supported by the analysis, do not have enough proofs and are often a fortiori incorrect and consequently cheap. Therefore tender boards find difficulties in making an objective choice.

Key words

, , , , ,

The further text is accessible on a paid subscription.
For authorisation enter the login/password.
Or subscribe


  1. Figurovskii N. A. Sedimentometricheskii analiz [Sedimentometric analysis. Mocow-Leningrad, Izd-vo AN SSSR Publ., 1948, 170 p.].
  2. Vasil’ev A. M. Osnovy rascheta skorosti osazhdeniia gruntovykh chastits v zhidkosti [Basis for calculating soil particles precipitation rate in liquid. Moscow, NKTP SSSR Publ., 1936, 52 p.].
  3. Ponomarev V. G. Protsessy razdeleniia suspenzii stochnykh vod. Konstruktsii sooruzhenii [Wastewater suspension separation processes. Facilities designs. Moscow, Soiuz Dizain Publ., 2014].
  4. Veitser Iu. I., Kolobova Z. L. Osazhdenie koaguliruiushchikh suspenzii [Coagulating suspension settling. V. 1. Moscow, ONTI AKKH, 1960].
  5. Veitser Iu. I., Mints D. M. Vysokomolekuliarnye flokulianty v protsessakh ochistki prirodnykh i stochnykh vod [High-molecular flocculants in natural and waste water treatment processes. Moscow, Stroiizdat Publ., 1984, 202 p.].
  6. Zhukov A. I. Vliianie skorostei potoka v otstoinikakh na ikh effektivnost’ [The effect of flow velocities in settling tanks on their efficiency. Moscow-Leningrad, Gosstroiizdat Publ., 1934].
  7. Kalitsun V. I., Laskov Iu. M. Laboratornyi praktikum po kanalizatsii [Laboratory course in wastewater disposal. Moscow, Stroiizdat Publ., 1987, 267 p.].
  8. Kalitsun V. I., Laskov Iu. M., Voronov Iu. V., Alekseev E. V. Laboratornyi praktikum po vodootvedeniiu i ochistke stochnykh vod [Laboratory course in wastewater disposal and treatment. Moscow, Stroiizdat Publ., 2001, 272 p.].
  9. Iakovlev S. V., Voronov Iu. V. Vodootvedenie i ochistka stochnykh vod [Wastewater disposal and treatment. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2002, 704 p.]. Nechaev A. P. Eksperimental’nye issledovaniia kinetiki osazhdeniia nerastvorennykh primesei stochnykh vod v staticheskikh i di­namicheskikh usloviiakh [Experimental studies of kinetics of undissolved wastewater admixtures settling under static and dynamic conditions: Ph. D. thesis in Engineering Science. Moscow, VNII VODGEO, 1971]. Ponomarev V. G. Ochistka proizvodstvennykh stochnykh vod ot grubodispersnykh primesei [Removing particulate pollutants from industrial effluents. Doctoral dissertation in Engineering Science. Moscow, VNII VODGEO, 1993]. Avdeev N. Ia. Raschet granulometricheskikh kharakteristik polidispersnykh sistem [Calculation of granulometric characteristics of polydisperse systems. Rostov-on-Don, Rostovskoe Knizhnoe Izdatel’stvo Publ., 1966, 54 p.].

vstmag engfree 200x100 2

mvkniipr ru

Российская ассоциация водоснабжения и водоотведения

Конференция итог

ecw20 200 300