№11|2013

WASTEWATER SLUDGE TREATMENT

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UDC 628.336.098.4

DANILOVICH D. A., Vanyushina A. Ya.

Anaerobic digestion – the key technology of municipal wastewater sludge treatment (part 2)

Summary

The technologic options of municipal wastewater sludge treatment are reviewed with different approaches to stabilization of organic matter. The technologic and environmental consequences of raw wastewater sludge landfilling are described. Aerobic sludge stabilization processes are considered. It is concluded that their use is restricted to the options when land utilization of the entire sludge volume is possible. It is shown that traditional aerobic stabilization that was widely used last century does not meet the present day requirements both to power consumption and organics decomposition depth. The aspects of the domestic approach to digestion that consist in using thermophilic mode with extremely low retention time of sludge in a digester are considered. The ways of solving these problems at the Kouryanovo and Lyubertsy wastewater treatment facilities in Moscow are described. It is concluded that in the XXI century anaerobic digestion of wastewater sludge in digesters does not have any other comparable alternative for large and mid-sized wastewater treatment facilities. The main trends in using digestion process, digester design, methods of enhancing the process are considered. The information on biogas properties is consolidated and various options of its utilization are reviewed. Process flow schemes with the use of digesting and combining with other sludge treatment processes (drying, incineration), methods of digested sludge utilization are considered. The information on environmental aspects of digestion – reducing greenhouse gas emissions and carbon footprint – is given. The technologies of purification of return flows of digested sludge dewatering are described. The advanced sludge treatment flow scheme based on digestion and recommended for large-scale facilities is given.

Key words

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REFERENCES

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  4. Danilovich D. A., Kozlov M. N., Moizhes O. V., Nikolaev Iu. A., Kazakova E. A., Grachev V. A. Anaerobnoe okislenie ammoniia dlia udaleniia azota iz vysokokontsentrirovannykh stochnykh vod [Anaerobic oxidation of ammonium for the removal of nitrogen from highly concentrated wastewater]. Vodosnabzhenie i Sanitarnaia Tekhnika, 2010, no. 4, pp. 49–54. (In Russian).
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  7. Kevbrina M. V., Nikolaev Y. A., Danilovich D. A., Vanyushina A. Ya. Aerobic biological treatment of thermophilically digested sludge. Water Science & Technology, 2011, vol. 63, no. 10, pp. 2340–2345.
  8. Kevbrina M. V., Nikolaev Iu. A., Danilovich D. A., Vaniushina A. Ia. Aerobnaia biologicheskaia obrabotka termofil’no sbrozhennogo osadka [Aerobic biological treatment of thermophilically digested sludge]: Conference Papers. IWA Specialist Conference «Water and Wastewater Treatment Plants in Towns and Communities of the XXI Century: Technologies, Design and Operation». Moscow, 2010. (In Russian).
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